Polio

On May 19, 2017 By

Polio By Catherine A. Paul

What Is Polio?

The first U.S. polio epidemic swept across the country in 1916, and then again in the late 1940s and 1950s. Polio is caused by a virus; it affects the body by attacking the central nervous system, specifically those neurons essential for muscle activity. Polio begins similar […]

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In 1824 the New York State legislature enacted the “County Poorhouse Act,” a measure that called for one or more poorhouses to be built or established in each county. Thenceforth, all recipients of public assistance were to be sent to that institution. All expenses for building and maintaining the poorhouse(s) and supporting its inmates were to be defrayed by the county out of tax funds. The Act also created a new body of relief officials: County Superintendents of the Poor.

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