The history of American social welfare includes an array of public and voluntary social welfare agencies, associations and societies created at various times for different purposes.  The common thread for the organizations listed here is their stated purpose or mission for helping individuals, families, groups or communities that have experienced poverty, physical abuse, mental or physical disability or discrimination based on gender, race or ethic origin.

American Civil Liberties Union

he ACLU was founded in 1920 by Roger Baldwin, Crystal Eastman and others. The stated goal of ACLU is to “defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person by the Bill of Rights of the U.S. Constitution and laws of the United States.”

American Red Cross

Clara Barton and a circle of acquaintances founded the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C. on May 21, 1881. Barton first heard of the Swiss-inspired International Red Cross Movement while visiting Europe following the Civil War.

National Woman's Party

The National Woman’s Party, representing the militant wing of the suffrage movement, utilized picketing and open public demonstrations to gain popular attention for the right of women to vote in the United States. The origin of the National Woman’s Party (NWP) date from 1912…