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Enactment of the English Poor Law, requiring parish governments to tax households in order to care for the “worthy” poor. A system of public “outdoor” relief that was carried to the Colonies.
First Africans arrive in Virginia as indentured servants for plantation owners.
Virginia Colony passes the first legislation recognizing services and needs of disabled soldiers and sailors based on “special work” contributions to society.
Enactment of the Plymouth Colony’s Poor Law.
Enactment of the Virginia Colony’s Poor Law.
Massachusetts Bay Colony requires an elementary school in towns of 50 families.
Poor Law enacted by Rhode Island emphasizes public responsibility for “relief of the poor, to maintain the impotent, and to employ the able and shall appoint an overseer for the same purpose.”
Creation of the Scots Charitable Society, America’s first private charitable society.
Poor Law enacted for the Connecticut Colony.
Passage in Massachusetts of the colonies’ first statute concerned with providing special care for the mentally ill.
The Province of Massachusetts Bay Acts establish indenture contracting or “binding out” for poor children so they will live “under some orderly family government.”
The Province of Massachusetts Bay enacts a poor law.
How to Cite this Article (APA Format): Social welfare developments in the 1600s. (2011). Retrieved [date accessed] from /events/1600s/.